Almost everyone gets dark circles under their eyes from time to time. Dark circles under eyes usually are temporary and not a medical concern.
What are the causes?
The following medical conditions are some of the possible causes of Dark circles under eyes. There are likely to be other possible causes, so always ask your doctor about your symptoms.
Theory behind dark circles:
- Heredity: The skin under the eye is very thin. When blood passes through the large veins close to the surface of the skin, it can produce a bluish tint. The more transparent the skin – an inherited condition, the darker the circles appear.
In persons with a deep set bone structure, shadowing contributes to the dark under eye color.
- Persistent eye rubbing
- Sleep difficulty - see the many causes of sleep difficulty symptoms (e.g. stress, depression, sleep disorders, etc.).
- Hay fever
- Allergic shiners
- Dust allergy
- Mold allergy
- Eczema - i.e. eczema in the skin under the eyes.
- Anemia: The lack of a nutritious diet can lead to deficiency in mineral iron, which can lead to discoloration. The paleness of the skin due to menstruation or pregnancy may accentuate the dark rings.
- Ageing: Dark circles may get darker with age. Excess folds of skin will also make the dark circles more pronounced
- Medications: Medicines that cause dilation of blood vessels cause the eyes to darken
Dark under-eye circles begin in the capillaries, the tiny blood vessels that web the delicate skin around the eyes. Now, your capillaries are so small that red blood cells sometimes have to line up, single file, to get through. Frequently, red blood cells get lost and wander into the surrounding skin. This isn't a problem - it happens all the time - and your body has a mechanism to mop up these escapees. Enzymes in your body break down the red blood cells, including their hemoglobin (the molecule that gives them their distinctive red color).
When hemoglobin is broken down, its remaining components have a dark blue-black color. Just like a bruise. So your dark under-eye circles are actually caused by leaky capillaries.
This is still under debate and no proof has been established as yet.
What is the procedure at KOSMODERMA?
The following procedures are recommended:
- Use of eye cream containing Vitamin K
- Eye peel with Arginine / Retinol / TCA
- Eye mask containing Vit E and sea weed extracts
- Use of skin lightening agents in the eye area
- Injection of Hyaluronic Acid in the sunken socket areas
- Oral Iron supplemen