Moles are one thing that is common to all humans. Every person has moles, maybe 1, maybe 40.
Moles are not a cause for concern unless they develop certain signs like: Itching / Increase in size / Change of colour.
In fact they are considered to be a beauty spot by many, especially on the face area. Examples are Rekha, Cindy Crawford, Sarah Jessica Parker...
Some even consider this to be a sign of good luck and prosperity.
Moles can appear anywhere on the skin. They are of different shapes and sizes. Moles are usually brown to black in colour due to pigment melanin. Sometimes the moles can be skin coloured.
Moles are pre determined at birth. They develop usually in the first 20 yrs of life and over the years due to sun exposure they can increase in numbers and darken in colour.
The life cycle of a mole is typically about 50 years. At the start, moles are mostly flat and look like a freckle or they can be black in colour. Over time they enlarge and some may develop hairs. As the moles age they can become raised or they may not change at all.
In the recent years a lot has been spoken about cancer (Melanoma) and moles. What one must understand is that not all moles are cancerous. According to the American Academy Of Dermatology, if mole starts changing in size / colour / shape / especially if the border becomes ragged, you must consult your dermatologist. The risk of Melanoma in Indian skin is much lower compared to other skin types as the skin has pigmentation which shields it to a certain degree from the effects of UV Rays.
Most moles cause no problems. But occasionally a mole may be unattractive, annoying, or changing. If you see any signs of change or want a mole removed for cosmetic reasons, consult a dermatologist.
There are various methods for removing moles. Some of the common methods used are by Radiofrequency or Laser Excision. Some dermatologists prefer to shave the mole and then excise. The method depends on the type of mole.
Protection from the Sun:
Always use a sunscreen / sunblock.
Apply it at least 20 mins before heading outdoors.
Wear full sleeves, hats if sun exposure is unavoidable.
Make sure you have anti oxidants in your diet – B- carotene, Flavonoids, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Lycopene...Try to stay out of the sun between 11AM & 3 PM. The UV index is the highest at this time of the day. If your shadow is shorter than you stay indoors.